Baringo has immense agricultural potential not forgetting the largely untapped beef and dairy potential . The county is home to one of the only two running cotton ginneries in the country. The County has all the ecological zones hence a variety of of soils supporting a wide variety of investments. This has seen Coffee growing in the high altitude areas to sisal plantations in the lower regions of Mogotio.
Baringo county can feed the nation if viable schemes such as Perkerra National Irrigation Board (NIB) and the tail ends schemes, Sandai, Eldume, Kamoskoi, Mukutani (cluster scheme), Embosos, Losekem, Salabani, Musiro, Ilmaine, and Chemeron irrigation scheme which is under Kerio Valley Development Authority among others are expanded and run to full potential.
- Increasing production in the agricultural sector in the county by using value chain approaches in enhancing productivity
- Engaging the youth and in agricultural production at farm level for employment and wealth creation.
We aim at making Baringo county Livestock disease free zone and food secure. This will enable the county access export markets and end perennial food shortages in the county.
The department’s Vision is to be the leading agent of food security for all, employment creation, income generation and poverty reduction in the county
The department’s Mission is to improve the livelihoods of Kenyans in the county by promotion of competitive farming as a business through appropriate policy environment, effective support services and sustainable natural resources management.
1) Create an enabling environment for agricultural development.
2) Increased agricultural productivity and outputs
3) Promote market access and product development
4) Enhance accessibility of affordable inputs and credit to farmers.
5) Promote sustainable land use and conservation of the environment
6) Enhance institutional efficiency and effectiveness in implementation and service delivery
The main cash crops grown are coffee, cotton, macadamia and pyrethrum. The food crops are maize, snow peas, beans, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, sorghum, cassava and millets.
Seed maize and horticulture are the major enterprise in the county and also producing vegetables for the local market. The annual rainfall r
To promote and disseminate appropriate animal production techniques, range management and livestock marketing information to pastoralists/farmers through provision of extension services in collaboration with research institutions and other stakeholders for socio-economic development.
The county vision is “to be the county leader in facilitation and delivery of efficient and effective livestock production services for a suitable and prosperous livestock sub-sector.”
The mission is “To create a favourable production environment for sustainable development of the livestock sub-sector and to offer support services aimed at increasing output and productivity; value addition and market access for the sub-sector products.”
- Commitment to create good and healthy working environment that shall stimulate economic growth and employment opportunities in the livestock sub sector.
- High degree of professionalism in service delivery.
- Uphold high integrity in service delivery.
- Tem work
- Stakeholders networking and linkages
- Gender sensitivity
Departmental Core-Functions at the County/ Sub County
- Efficient provision of extension services.
- Implementation of projects and programmes.
- Participate in research extension liaison.
- Promotion of emerging livestock and other alternative livelihood initiatives.
- Promotion of management and conservation of natural resource base.
- Monitor livestock feed and food situation
- Promote collaboration and partnership with stakeholders in service delivery.
- Facilitate livestock marketing and value addition of livestock products and by-products.
The county supports a wide range Livestock related enterprises which constitute 70% of the county. This sub sector plays an important economic and socio – cultural role among the community members. The livestock sub-sector contributes to the food and cash needs of the pastoralist and provide employment to 90% of the population of 555,561 (2009 population census). The major enterprises in the county include, dairy, beef and honey and poultry production.
The livestock sub sector in Baringo contributes significantly to the economy as it continues to provide raw materials for industries and the sector directly influences the growth of the county’s economic growth.
The stakeholders in livestock sub sector have recognized the role of livestock industry to reverse poverty levels and contribute to the county’s economic growth.
This recognition is emphasized in various interventions which are envisaged in nation and global goals, ASDSP, MDGS, Vision 2030 and national livestock policy.
Livestock Production Challenges facing the county
In the process of implementation towards realization of its mandate the department faced various challenges which include:-
- Unpredictable weather patterns which directly affect water and pasture availability.
- Inadequate funding
- In adequate marketing and information infrastructure
- Undeveloped infrastructure especially in the interior of the sub county.
- Inadequate livestock disease control measures.
- Low accessibility of credit from financial institutions.
- Inadequate genetic breeding materials.
- Staff shortage
- Low adoption of appropriate technologies
- High cost and low quality inputs.
- High levels of illiteracy
- Inadequate office accommodation facilities
- Cultural barriers that limits enterprise commercialization.
- Inadequate transport facilities(old fleet of vehicles)
- Cattle rustling
The history of management and utilization of fisheries resources can be traced back to the early 1900’s. In those days, the colonial government gave prominence to the fisheries that were of interest to them and emphasis was on sport fishing enjoyed by settler communities and troops.
In early 1960s, interest by local communities in commercial fisheries developed considerably leading to exploitation of fresh water and marine fisheries and subsistence fish farming. The government of Kenya recognized the critical role that fisheries play in food security, creation of employment and other economic benefits to those engaged in the industry and created Department of Fisheries. In 1979, the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KEMFRI) were established by the Science and Technology Act (CAP 250), with the mandate for marine and fisheries research.
The fisheries Act (CAP 378) of 1989, the Fisheries Regulations (1991) and the Maritimes Zones Act (CAP 371) of 1989 are the principal statutes that regulate and govern the fisheries sector. Several other regulations have been developed to cater for the rapid changes in the fisheries sector. With the creation of a fully-fledged ministry of fisheries development in 2008, need arose to have a comprehensive policy to guide the fisheries management, research and development in a coordinated and rational manner. As a result, the cabinet approved the National Oceans and Fisheries Policy in December 2008. This policy, together with other national policy documents, from the basis for this strategic plan which in turn lays the foundation for the achievement for the development objectives of the fisheries sector. The plan outlines the priorities to be implemented over the five year period in order to ensure the sector contributes adequately to the achievement of vision 2030 and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
In the year 2013 the Ministry of Fisheries Development was converted to a department in the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Development (MALFD).
b) Baringo County Fisheries Production
i) Lake Baringo Capture Fisheries
Fresh water fisheries of Lake Baringo contributes to over 80% of total fish production in Baringo County which averages about 160 mT in 2012. The fish is landed in six gazette beaches namely Kampi ya Samaki, Ngenyin, Loruk, Komolion, Kiserian and salabani by over 200 antisanal fishermen operating on small canoes. Four fish species are commercially exploited in Lake Baringo namely Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus baringoensis), African lung fish (Protopterus ethiopicus) catfish (Clarias gariepinus) and barbus species (Barbus intermedius). Lung fish fishery constitutes the largest percentage of the total catch of fish annually and is a major contributor to revenues earned locally. There is a potential to produce over 600mT achievable with good management practices.
Aquaculture is practiced mainly at subsistence level mainly in under the Economic Stimulus Programme (ESP) in Mogotio and Koibatek sub-counties. There is increased interest in fish farming in other sub-counties of Marigat, Baringo Central and Baringo North. Aquaculture accounted to about 20% of total fish production in the county (about 42 mT) in 2012. The production is expected to go up as a result of the present intervention of ESP Fish Farming Enterprise and Productivity Programme (FFE & PP). There are over 650 fish ponds in the county each measuring 300m2 putting the total area under aquaculture to about 195000m2 (214.52 acres). Aquaculture species in the county includes tilapia and catfish.
Omega Farms Ltd based at Kokwa Island of Lake Baringo, produces high quality monosex fingerlings and fish feeds in the county. The company has created employment for locals and is in negotiation with the county government to put up a fish processing facility at Kampi ya Samaki to enhance fish value addition and marketing.
iii) Dam Fishery
Over 35 community dams were stocked with tilapia and catfish fingerlings in the year 2012. This fishery is not well exploited but has a potential of high production providing employment to the communities living around those dams. Currently organized fishing activities are practiced at Kirdam in Baringo Central Sub County.
c) Situational Analysis
The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Development was created in 2013 to take over the amalgamated functions of the previously independent ministries of Agriculture, Livestock Development and Fisheries Development. This ministry has three departments namely Agriculture, livestock and Fisheries. All the three departments have been devolved to counties as in the Kenya Constitution 2010.
The department is mandated to facilitate the exploration, exploitation, utilization, management, development and conservation of fisheries resources as well as aquaculture development and to undertake research in marine and fresh water fisheries.
To be a leading department in management, research and development of fisheries resources in the County.
To facilitate sustainable management and development of fishery resources and products for accelerated socio-economic development.
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